Welcome to the Biomass conversion technologies database which you can access underneath! 

Through the underneath table users can access the database on lignocellulosic biomass conversion technologies characteristics (click on the number in last column). The data included in this database are feeding the Bio2Match, the BeWhere and the LocaGIStics tools all accessible via the main menu in this toolset under 'Tools'. accessible under the ‘Tool'  tab in the main menu above. In the process of creating the database it was ensured to take up the technologies relevant for producing the products described in the product market combinations in WP7 and that were the basis for assessing 2020 and 2030 biomass demand and consumption levels (see Tab 'General data' ---> 'Biomass demand'. For heat, power and fuels, several technologies are available in the database, while for other bio-based products (especially through the sugar platform) some but fewer conversion technologies are included. This is a representation of the technology readiness levels and the current and expected market situation for these products.

In the underneath table an overview is provided of all technologies included in the conversion technologies database. To access the detailed technology characterisation sheets in de database click on the technology number in the last column of the table.  To return to the overview table again click on the return arrow

The technologies covered can be classified in 6 main categories: treatment in subcritical water, syngas platform, gasification technologies, fast pyrolysis, direct combustion of solid biomass, chemical pretreatment, biochemical hydrolisis and fermentation and anearobic digestion. For a further description of the biomass conversion technologies database please consult D2.3The method developed in S2BIOM for minimal biomass quality requirement for each biomass conversion technology is described in D2.1 and  D2.2.

Conversion technologies Conversion technologies


View details of Entrained flow for syngas

Name Entrained flow for syngas
Main category Gasification technologies
Subcategory Entrained flow for syngas production
Image url
Year of first implementation
Estimated number of systems in operation
Main operating principle:
Entrained-flow gasifiers operate at high temperatures and pressures with small particles and can achieve a high carbon conversion rate with a low residence time. Biomass must be in liquid form (e.g. black liquor or pyrolysis oil) or it must be grinded into fine pulverized form. Oxygen is used as gasification agent. Product gas has low tar content and can be cleaned by similar final gas cleaning systems as used for coal gasification plants.

Level of commercial application
Important pilots and EU projects Chemrec, Alpha and Beta plants of Choren, Karlsruhe Institute of Technology
Expected Developments
Current Technology Readiness Level Level 7, Integrated pilot system demonstrated
Expected Technology Readiness Level in 2030 Level 9, System ready for full scale deployment
Justify expected Level in 2030
CHOREN- CarboV, Range Fuels -K2, Karlsruhe Inst. of Techn. -bioliq, BGMS (Mitsubishi), Pearson TEchnology process, CHEMREC Coal gasification systems Texaco, Shell, Prenflo

Capacity of outputs (typical values)
Heat                      (MWth) 45
Conversion efficiencies: net returns heat(GJ/GJ biomass input) typical: 0.15 min: 0 max: 0.2   typical in 2020: 0.1 typical in 2030: 0.1  

Methanol                      (m3/hour) 26     LHV  (GJ / m3) 25.3
Conversion efficiencies: net returns biofuels and biobased products(GJ/GJ biomass input) typical: 0.6 min: 0.5 max: 0.67   typical in 2020: 0.65 typical in 2030: 0.65  

Data sources used to define conversion efficiencies in 2014:

External inputs (not generated by the biomass in the conversion process)
- No external inputs

Indication: experience based data No

Number of possible full load hours per year (hours) 8500
Number of typical full load hours per year (hours) 8000
Typical Lifetime of Equipment (years) 40
Data sources used to define conversion efficiencies in 2020:

Data sources used to define conversion efficiencies in 2030:

General data sources for technical properties:

Biomass input, common for the technology used:    Black liquor, Secondary residues from pulp and paper industry;       
Biomass input, technically possible but not common:           
Traded form Other (Black liquor, BMW, PO etc.)
Dimensions Not applicable

Moisture content (% wet basis) typical 30 max 40
Minimal bulk density (kg/m3, wet basis)
Maximum ash content (% dry basis) 20
Minimal ash melting point (= initial deformation temperature) (°C) 1000
Volatile matter (only for thermally trated material, torrefied or steam explosed) (VM%)

Maximum allowable contents
Nitrogen, N (wt%, dry) 1 Sulphur, S (wt%, dry) 10 Chlorine, Cl (wt%, dry) 1
Optional attributes
Net caloric value (MJ/kg) min max
Gross caloric value (MJ/kg) min max
Biogas yield (m3 gas/ton dry biomass) % methane
Cellulose content (g/kg dry matter) min max
Hemicellulose content (g/kg dry matter) min max
Lignin content (g/kg dry matter) min max
Crude fibre content (g/kg dry matter) min max
Starch content (g/kg dry matter) min max
Sugar content (g/kg dry matter) min max
Fat content (g/kg dry matter) min max
Protein content (g/kg dry matter) min max
Acetyl group content (g/kg dry matter) min max

Investments costs in 2014 (€): 400000000 expected in 2020 (€): 300000000 expected in 2030 (€): 300000000
Labour needed Operators (FTE): 25 Staff and engineering (FTE): 20

Edited by: Janne Kärki, Tijs Lammens