Welcome to the Biomass conversion technologies database which you can access underneath! 

Through the underneath table users can access the database on lignocellulosic biomass conversion technologies characteristics (click on the number in last column). The data included in this database are feeding the Bio2Match, the BeWhere and the LocaGIStics tools all accessible via the main menu in this toolset under 'Tools'. accessible under the ‘Tool'  tab in the main menu above. In the process of creating the database it was ensured to take up the technologies relevant for producing the products described in the product market combinations in WP7 and that were the basis for assessing 2020 and 2030 biomass demand and consumption levels (see Tab 'General data' ---> 'Biomass demand'. For heat, power and fuels, several technologies are available in the database, while for other bio-based products (especially through the sugar platform) some but fewer conversion technologies are included. This is a representation of the technology readiness levels and the current and expected market situation for these products.

In the underneath table an overview is provided of all technologies included in the conversion technologies database. To access the detailed technology characterisation sheets in de database click on the technology number in the last column of the table.  To return to the overview table again click on the return arrow

The technologies covered can be classified in 6 main categories: treatment in subcritical water, syngas platform, gasification technologies, fast pyrolysis, direct combustion of solid biomass, chemical pretreatment, biochemical hydrolisis and fermentation and anearobic digestion. For a further description of the biomass conversion technologies database please consult D2.3The method developed in S2BIOM for minimal biomass quality requirement for each biomass conversion technology is described in D2.1 and  D2.2.

Conversion technologies Conversion technologies


View details of CFB for syngas

Name CFB for syngas
Main category Gasification technologies
Subcategory Circulating Fluidized bed for syngas production
Image url
Year of first implementation
Estimated number of systems in operation 0
Main operating principle:
Biomass is gasified at pressurised CFB gasifier operated at ca. 5 bar and 900 C. Product gas is cooled to 600 C, filtered and led into catalytic reformer where tars and hydrocarbon gases are reformed. Then product gas is cleaned, conditioned and pressurised to fuel synthesis.

Level of commercial application Demonstrated at pilot scale
Important pilots and EU projects VTT pilot plant, NSE Biofuels demonstration project with FWE gasifier
Expected Developments
Current Technology Readiness Level Level 7, Integrated pilot system demonstrated
Expected Technology Readiness Level in 2030 Level 9, System ready for full scale deployment
Justify expected Level in 2030 Further development on-going
Foster Wheeler Energy, VTT

Capacity of outputs (typical values)
Heat                      (MWth) 45
Conversion efficiencies: net returns heat(GJ/GJ biomass input) typical: 0.15 min: 0 max: 0.2   typical in 2020: 0.1 typical in 2030: 0.1  

Methanol                      (m3/hour) 26     LHV  (GJ / m3) 25.3
Conversion efficiencies: net returns biofuels and biobased products(GJ/GJ biomass input) typical: 0.6 min: 0.5 max: 0.67   typical in 2020: 0.65 typical in 2030: 0.65  

Data sources used to define conversion efficiencies in 2014:
VTT Technlogy 91, 2013. Hannula, Ilkka; & Kurkela, Esa. 2013. Liquid transportation fuels via large-scale fluidised-bed gasification of lignocellulosic biomass. Espoo, VTT. 114 p. + app. 3 p. VTT Technology; 91
External inputs (not generated by the biomass in the conversion process)
Power     (kW): 5

Indication: experience based data No

Number of possible full load hours per year (hours) 8500
Number of typical full load hours per year (hours) 8000
Typical Lifetime of Equipment (years) 40
Data sources used to define conversion efficiencies in 2020:

Data sources used to define conversion efficiencies in 2030:

General data sources for technical properties:

Biomass input, common for the technology used:    Logging residues from final fellings originating from nonconifer trees, Logging residues from final fellings & thinnings;  Logging residues from final fellings originating from conifer trees, Logging residues from final fellings & thinnings;  Bark residues from pulp and paper industry, Secondary residues from pulp and paper industry;  Residues from further woodprocessing, Other wood processing industry residues;  Non hazardous post consumer wood, Post consumer wood;
Biomass input, technically possible but not common:           
Traded form Wood chips
Dimensions P31: 3,15 mm < P < 31,5 mm     Fine fraction F25: < 25 %

Moisture content (% wet basis) typical 15 max 25
Minimal bulk density (kg/m3, wet basis) 120
Maximum ash content (% dry basis) 10
Minimal ash melting point (= initial deformation temperature) (°C) 1000
Volatile matter (only for thermally trated material, torrefied or steam explosed) (VM%)

Maximum allowable contents
Nitrogen, N (wt%, dry) 2 Sulphur, S (wt%, dry) 0.3 Chlorine, Cl (wt%, dry) 0.5
Optional attributes
Net caloric value (MJ/kg) min max
Gross caloric value (MJ/kg) min max
Biogas yield (m3 gas/ton dry biomass) % methane
Cellulose content (g/kg dry matter) min max
Hemicellulose content (g/kg dry matter) min max
Lignin content (g/kg dry matter) min max
Crude fibre content (g/kg dry matter) min max
Starch content (g/kg dry matter) min max
Sugar content (g/kg dry matter) min max
Fat content (g/kg dry matter) min max
Protein content (g/kg dry matter) min max
Acetyl group content (g/kg dry matter) min max

Investments costs in 2014 (€): 500000000 expected in 2020 (€): 350000000 expected in 2030 (€): 350000000
Labour needed Operators (FTE): 25 Staff and engineering (FTE): 20

Edited by: Janne Kärki, Hamid Mozaffarian, Tijs Lammens